Ндс кадастровый consul group
2) Consul - Ancient History Encyclopedia
3) Consul - Wikipedia
Ндс кадастровый consul group
A consul is an official representative of the government of one state in the territory of another, normally acting to assist and protect the citizens of the consul's own country, and to facilitate trade and friendship between the people of the two countries. 
A consul is distinguished from an ambassador , the latter being a representative from one head of state to another. There can be only one ambassador from one country to another, representing the first country's head of state to that of the second, and his or her duties revolve around diplomatic relations between the two countries; however, there may be several consuls, one in each of several major cities, providing assistance with bureaucratic issues to both the citizens of the consul's own country traveling or living abroad and to the citizens of the country in which the consul resides who wish to travel to or trade with the consul's country.
In classical Greece , some of the functions of the modern consul were fulfilled by a proxenos . Unlike the modern position, this was a citizen of the host polity (in Greece, a city-state ). The proxenos was usually a wealthy merchant who had socio-economic ties with another city and who helped its citizens when they were in trouble in his own city. The position of proxenos was often hereditary in a particular family. Modern honorary consuls fulfill a function that is to a degree similar to that of the ancient Greek institution.
Consuls were the highest magistrates of the Roman Republic and Roman Empire . The term was revived by the Republic of Genoa , which, unlike Rome, bestowed it on various state officials, not necessarily restricted to the highest. Among these were Genoese officials stationed in various Mediterranean ports, whose role included duties similar to those of the modern consul, i. e. helping Genoese merchants and sailors in difficulties with the local authorities.
Unfortunately, the demise of the Republic and rise of the empire under Augustus would spell the end of power of the consul. The assemblies would lose their ability to make laws and thereby name a consul. While the title of consul would remain, an emperor would simply assume the title himself. This passing does not diminish the role of the consul during the Republic. Rome was able to make the successful transition from a king to a magistrate - the consul - who was imbued with much of the same authority. The government that ruled Rome through its early years of empire building would serve as a role model for governments yet unborn.
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Written by Donald L. Wasson , published on 23 June 2014 under the following license: Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike . This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms.
Consul is a tool for service discovery and configuration. It provides high level features such as service discovery, health checking and key/value storage. It makes use of a group of strongly consistent servers to manage the datacenter.
Serf can also be used for service discovery and orchestration, but it is built on an eventually consistent gossip model, with no centralized servers. It provides a number of features, including group membership, failure detection, event broadcasts and a query mechanism. However, Serf does not provide any of the high-level features of Consul.
The health checking provided by Serf is very low level, and only indicates if the agent is alive. Consul extends this to provide a rich health checking system, that handles liveness, in addition to arbitrary host and service-level checks. Health checks are integrated with a central catalog that operators can easily query to gain insight into the cluster.
The membership provided by Serf is at a node level, while Consul focuses on the service level abstraction, with a single node to multiple service model. This can be simulated in Serf using tags, but it is much more limited, and does not provide rich query interfaces. Consul also makes use of a strongly consistent Catalog, while Serf is only eventually consistent.
Consul is a distributed, highly-available, and multi-datacenter aware tool for service discovery, configuration, and orchestration. Consul enables rapid deployment, configuration, and maintenance of service-oriented architectures at massive scale. For more information, please see:
Consul has several moving parts so we’ll start with a brief introduction to Consul’s architecture and then detail how Consul interacts with Docker. Please see the Consul Architecture guide for more detail on all these concepts.
Each host in a Consul cluster runs the Consul agent, a long running daemon that can be started in client or server mode. Each cluster has at least 1 agent in server mode, and usually 3 or 5 for high availability. The server agents participate in a consensus protocol , maintain a centralized view of the cluster’s state, and respond to queries from other agents in the cluster. The rest of the agents in client mode participate in a gossip protocol to discover other agents and check them for failures, and they forward queries about the cluster to the server agents.
These concepts also apply when running Consul in Docker. Typically, you’ll run a single Consul agent container on each host, running alongside the Docker daemon. You’ll also need to configure some of the agents as servers (at least 3 for a basic HA setup). Consul should always be run with --net=host in Docker because Consul’s consensus and gossip protocols are sensitive to delays and packet loss, so the extra layers involved with other networking types are usually undesirable and unnecessary. We will talk more about this below.Tags: Ндс, кадастровый, consul, group,